Renato Bettiol : Positive biorthogonal curvature in dimension 4- Uploaded by root ( 270 Views )
A 4-manifold is said to have positive biorthogonal curvature if the average of sectional curvatures of any pair of orthogonal planes is positive. In this talk, I will describe a construction of metrics with positive biorthogonal curvature on the product of spheres, and then combine it with recent surgery stability results of Hoelzel to classify (up to homeomorphism) the closed simply-connected 4-manifolds that admit a metric with positive biorthogonal curvature.
Jonathan Hanselman : The cosmetic surgery conjecture and Heegaard Floer homology- Uploaded by root ( 118 Views )
The cosmetic surgery conjecture states that no two surgeries on a given knot produce the same 3-manifold (up to orientation preserving diffeomorphism). Floer homology has proved to be a powerful tool for approaching this problem; I will survey partial results that are known and then show that these results can be improved significantly. If a knot in S^3 admits purely cosmetic surgeries, then the surgery slopes are +/- 2 or +/- 1/q, and for any given knot we can give an upper bound for q in terms of the Heegaard Floer thickness. In particular, for any knot there are at most finitely many potential pairs of cosmetic surgery slopes. With the aid of computer computation we show that the conjecture holds for all knots with at most 15 crossings.
Paul Allen : The Dirichlet problem for curve shortening flow.- Uploaded by root ( 74 Views )
We consider the Dirichlet problem for curve shortening flow on surfaces of constant curvature and show long-time existence of the flow when the initial curve is embedded in a convex region. Furthermore, the limit curve of the flow is a geodesic. The proof relies on an adaptation of Huisken's distance comparison estimate for planar curves, a maximum principle of Angenent, and a blow-up analysis of singularities.