## Kiran Kedlaya : Census-taking for curves over finite fields

- Number Theory ( 38 Views )With Yongyuan Huang and Jun Bo Lau, we recently completed a census of genus-6 curves over the field F_2, and are working on a similar census in genus 7. This uses Mukai's "flowcharts" for describing canonical curves in this genera. We discuss some of the key features of this classification; some aspects of computational group theory required to convert this classification into tractable computations; and some applications of the results, including relative class number problems for function fields, gonality of curves over finite fields (work of Faber-Grantham-Howe), and cohomology of modular curves (work of Canning-Larson and Bergstrom-Canning-Petersen-Schmitt).

## Cheng Chen : Progresses of the local Gan-Gross-Prasad conjecture

- Number Theory ( 41 Views )The classical branching rules describe the spectrum of an irreducible complex representation of a compact Lie group to its subgroup. The local Gan–Gross–Prasad conjecture generalizes the branching problem to classical groups over local fields of characteristic zero. After the pioneering work of Waldspurger, there has been significant progress on the conjecture using various approaches. In my talk, I will introduce a relatively uniform approach to prove the conjecture, including joint work with Z. Luo and joint work with R. Chen and J. Zou.

## John Voight : Computing with Hilbert modular surfaces

- Number Theory ( 44 Views )Hilbert modular surfaces are 2-dimensional analogues of modular curves, parametrizing polarized abelian surfaces with endomorphism and level structure. Modular curves are stratified by genus, and canonical equations for modular curves are obtained from the graded ring of modular forms. Similar to how curves are stratified by genus, surfaces are organized by their numerical invariants; the Enriques-Kodaira classification organizes smooth surfaces by Kodaira dimension, Hodge numbers, and Chern numbers. In this talk, we explain how to compute these invariants and equations for certain Hilbert modular surfaces. This is joint work with Eran Assaf, Angie Babei, Ben Breen, Sara Chari, Edgar Costa, Juanita Duque-Rosero, Alex Horawa, Jean Kieffer, Avi Kulkarni, Grant Molnar, Abhijit S. Mudigonda, Michael Musty, Sam Schiavone, Shikhin Sethi, and Samuel Tripp.

## Chen Wan : A local twisted trace formula for some spherical varieties

- Number Theory ( 39 Views )In this talk, I will discuss the geometric expansion of a local twisted trace formula for some special varieties. This generalizes the local (twisted) trace formula for reductive groups proved by Arthur and Waldspurger. By applying the trace formula, we prove a multiplicity formula for these spherical varieties. And I will also discuss some applications to the multiplicity of the Galois model and the unitary Shalika model. This is a joint work with Raphael Beuzart-Plessis.

## Farid Hosseinijafari : On the Special Values of Certain L-functions: G_2 over a Totally Imaginary Field

- Number Theory ( 70 Views )In this talk, I will present an overview of the framework originally proposed by Harder and further developed in collaboration with Raghuram to address rationality problems for special values of certain automorphic L-functions. I will then proceed to state my main results on the rationality of the special values of Langlands-Shahidi L-functions appearing in the constant term of the Eisenstein series associated with the exceptional group of type G_2 over a totally imaginary number field. This study marks the first instance where rank-one Eisenstein cohomology is employed to investigate the arithmetic of automorphic L-functions in the presence of multiple L-functions.

## Chun-Hsien Hsu : Weyl algebras on certain singular affine varieties

- Number Theory ( 130 Views )The module theory of the Weyl algebra, known as the theory of $D$-modules, has profound applications in various fields. One of the most famous results is the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence, establishing equivalence between holonomic $D$-modules and perverse sheaves on smooth complex varieties. However, when dealing with singular varieties, such correspondence breaks down due to the non-simplicity of Weyl algebras on singular varieties. In our ongoing work, we introduce a new ring of differential operators on certain singular affine varieties, whose definition is analytically derived from harmonic analysis. It should contain the Weyl algebra as a proper subring and shares many properties with the Weyl algebra on smooth varieties. In the talk, after a brief review of the Weyl algebra, I will explain how the new ring of differential operators arises as a consequence of an explicit form of the Poisson summation conjecture and discuss its properties.

## Samit Dasgupta : Ribets Lemma and the Brumer-Stark Conjecture

- Number Theory ( 54 Views )In this talk I will describe my recent work with Mahesh Kakde on the Brumer-Stark Conjecture and certain refinements. I will give a broad overview that motivates the conjecture and gives connections to explicit class field theory. I will conclude with a description of recent work (joint w/ Kakde, Jesse Silliman, and Jiuya Wang) in which we complete the proof of the conjecture. Moreover, we deduce a certain special case of the Equivariant Tamagawa Number Conjecture, which has important corollaries. The key aspect of the most recent results, which allows us to handle the prime p=2, is the proof of a version of Ribet's Lemma in the case of characters that are congruent modulo p.

## Ashvin Swaminathan : Geometry-of-numbers in the cusp, and class groups of orders in number fields

- Number Theory ( 95 Views )In this talk, we discuss the distributions of class groups of orders in number fields. We explain how studying such distributions is related to counting integral orbits having bounded invariants that lie inside the cusps of fundamental domains for coregular representations. We introduce two new methods to solve this counting problem, and as an application, we demonstrate how to determine the average size of the 2-torsion in the class groups of cubic orders. Much of this work is joint with Arul Shankar, Artane Siad, and Ila Varma.

## Alfio Fabio La Rosa : Translation functors and the trace formula

- Number Theory ( 471 Views )I will propose a way to combine the theory of translation functors with the trace formula to study automorphic representations of connected semisimple anisotropic algebraic groups over the rational numbers whose Archimedean component is a limit of discrete series. I will explain the main ideas of the derivation of a trace formula which, modulo a conjecture on the decomposition of the tensor product of a limit of discrete series with a finite-dimensional representation into basic representations, allows to isolate the non-Archimedean parts of a finite family of C-algebraic automorphic representations containing the ones whose Archimedean component is a given limit of discrete series.

## Dante Bonolis : 2-torsion in class groups of number fields

- Number Theory ( 97 Views )In 2020, Bhargava, Shankar, Taniguchi, Thorne, Tsimerman, and Zhao established that, for a given number field $K$ with a degree $n\geq 5$, the size of the $2$-torsion is bounded by $h_{2}(K) \ll D^{\frac{1}{2}-\frac{1}{2n}}$, where $D_{K}$ is the discriminant of $K$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. In this presentation, we will introduce new bounds that take into account the geometry of the lattice underlying the ring of integers of $K$. This research is a joint project with Pierre Le Boudec.

## Danielle Wang : Twisted GGP conjecture for unramified quadratic extensions

- Number Theory ( 98 Views )The twisted Gan--Gross--Prasad conjectures consider the restriction of representations from GL_n to a unitary group over a quadratic extension E/F. In this talk, I will explain the relative trace formula approach to the global twisted GGP conjecture. In particular, I will discuss how the fundamental lemma that arises can be reduced to the Jacquet--Rallis fundamental lemma, which allows us to obtain the global twisted GGP conjecture under some unramifiedness assumptions and local conditions.

## A. Raghuram : Special values of automorphic L-functions

- Number Theory ( 135 Views )In the first part of the talk I will describe a general context which, in some specific situations, permits us to give a cohomological interpretation to the Langlands-Shahidi theory of L-functions. In the second part of the talk, I will specialize to the context of the general linear group over a totally imaginary base field F, and discuss some recent results of mine on the special values of Rankin-Selberg L-functions for GL(n) x GL(m) over such an F. The talk is based on my preprint: https://arxiv.org/abs/2207.03393

## Thomas Hameister : The Hitchin Fibration for Quasisplit Symmetric Spaces

- Number Theory ( 157 Views )We will give an explicit construction of the regular quotient of Morrissey-Ngô in the case of a symmetric pair. In the case of a quasisplit form (i.e. the regular centralizer group scheme is abelian), we will give a Galois description of the regular centralizer group scheme using parabolic covers. We will then describe how the nonseparated structure of the regular quotient recovers the spectral description of Hitchin fibers given by Schapostnik for U(n,n) Higgs bundles. This work is joint with B. Morrissey.

## Gene Kopp : The Shintani-Faddeev modular cocycle

- Number Theory ( 103 Views )We ask the question, "how does the infinite q-Pochhammer symbol transform under modular transformations?" and connect the answer to that question to the Stark conjectures. The infinite q-Pochhammer symbol transforms by a generalized factor of automorphy, or modular 1-cocycle, that is analytic on a cut complex plane. This "Shintani-Faddeev modular cocycle" is an SL_2(Z)-parametrized family of functions generalizing Shintani's double sine function and Faddeev's noncompact quantum dilogarithm. We relate real multiplication values of the Shintani-Faddeev modular cocycle to exponentials of certain derivative L-values, conjectured by Stark to be algebraic units generating abelian extensions of real quadratic fields.

## Kim Klinger-Logan : A shifted convolution problem arising from physics

- Number Theory ( 104 Views )Physicists Green, Russo, and Vanhove have discovered solution to differential equations involving automorphic forms appear at the coefficients to the 4-graviton scattering amplitude in type IIB string theory. Specifically, for \Delta the Laplace-Beltrami operator and E_s(g) a Langlands Eisenstein series, solutions f(g) of (\Delta-\lambda) f(g) = E_a(g) E_b(g) for a and b half-integers on certain moduli spaces G(Z)\G(R)/K(R) of real Lie groups appear as coefficients to the analytic expansion of the scattering amplitude. We will briefly discuss different approaches to finding solutions to such equations and focus on a shifted convolution sum of divisor functions which appears as the Fourier modes associated to the homogeneous part of the solution. Initially, it was thought that, when summing over all Fourier modes, the homogeneous solution would vanish but recently we have found an exciting error term. This is joint work with Stephen D. Miller, Danylo Radchenko and Ksenia Fedosova.

## Xiao (Griffin) Wang : Multiplicative Hitchin Fibration and Fundamental Lemma

- Number Theory ( 116 Views )Given a reductive group 𝐺 and some auxiliary data, one has the Hitchin fibration associated with the adjoint action of 𝐺 on Lie(𝐺), which is successfully used by B. C. Ngô to prove the endoscopic fundamental lemma for Lie algebras. Following the same idea, there is a group analogue called the multiplicative Hitchin fibration by replacing the Lie algebra with reductive monoids, and one can hope to directly prove the fundamental lemma at group level. This project is almost complete and we report the results so far. There are many new features that are not present in the additive case, among which is a pleasant surprise that there might be some strata in the support theorem that are not explained by endoscopy.

## Pam Gu : A family of period integrals related to triple product $L$-functions

- Number Theory ( 118 Views )Let $F$ be a number field with ring of adeles $\mathbb{A}_F$. Let $r_1,r_2,r_3$ be a triple of positive integers and let $\pi:=\otimes_{i=1}^3\pi_i$ where the $\pi_i$ are all cuspidal automorphic representations of $\mathrm{GL}_{r_i}(\mathbb{A}_F)$. We denote by $L(s,\pi, \otimes^3)=L(s, \pi_1\times \pi_2 \times \pi_3)$ the corresponding triple product $L$-function. It is the Langlands $L$-function defined by the tensor product representation $\otimes^3:{}^L(\mathrm{GL}_{r_1} \times \mathrm{GL}_{r_2} \times \mathrm{GL}_{r_3}) \to \mathrm{GL}_{r_1r_2r_3}(\mathbb{C})$. In this talk I will present a family of Eulerian period integrals, which are holomorphic multiples of the triple product -function in a domain that nontrivially intersects the critical strip. We expect that they satisfy a local multiplicity one statement and a local functional equation. This is joint work with Jayce Getz, Chun-Hsien Hsu and Spencer Leslie.

## Matthew Litman : Markoff-type K3 Surfaces: Local and Global Finite Orbits

- Number Theory ( 112 Views )Markoff triples were introduced in 1879 and have a rich history spanning many branches of mathematics. In 2016, Bourgain, Gamburd, and Sarnak answered a long standing question by showing there exist infinitely many composite Markoff numbers. Their proof relied on showing the connectivity for an infinite family of graphs associated to Markoff triples modulo p for infinitely many primes p. In this talk we discuss what happens for the projective analogue of Markoff triples, that is surfaces W in P^1 x P^1 x P^1 cut out by the vanishing of a (2,2,2)-form that admit three non-commuting involutions and are fixed under coordinate permutations and double sign changes. Inspired by the work of B-G-S we investigate such surfaces over finite fields, specifically their orbit structure under their automorphism group. For a specific one-parameter subfamily W_k of such surfaces, we construct finite orbits in W_k(C) by studying small orbits that appear in W_k(F_p) for many values of p and k. This talk is based on joint work with E. Fuchs, J. Silverman, and A. Tran.

## Yeansu Kim : CLASSIFICATION OF DISCRETE SERIES REPRESENTATIONS AND ITS APPLICATIONS ON THE GENERIC LOCAL LANGLANDS CORRESPONDENCE FOR ODD GSPIN GROUPS

- Number Theory ( 131 Views )The classification of discrete series is one main subject in Langlands program with numerous applications. We first explain the result on the classification of discrete series of odd GSpin groups, generalizing the Mœglin-Tadi ́c classification for classical groups. Note that our approach will give alternate proof for classical groups. This is a joint work with Ivan Mati ́c. We also explain its application on the generic local Langlands correspondence via Langlands-Shahidi method. If time permits, we will explain possible generalization of those to other groups, which is work in progress

## Jerry Yu Fu : A density theorem towards p-adic monodromy

- Number Theory ( 400 Views )We investigate the $p$-adic monodromy of certain kinds of abelian varieties in $\mathcal{A}_{g}$ and prove a formal density theorem for the locus of deformations with big monodromy. Also, we prove that the small monodromy locus of the deformation space of a supersingular elliptic curve is $p$-adic nowhere dense. The approach is based on a congruence condition of $p$-divisible groups and transform of data between the Rapoport-Zink spaces and deformation spaces.

## Huajie Li : On an infinitesimal variant of Guo-Jacquet trace formulae

- Number Theory ( 134 Views )A well-known theorem of Waldspurger relates central values of automorphic L-functions for GL(2) to automorphic period integrals over non-split tori. His result was reproved by Jacquet via the comparison of relative trace formulae. Guo-Jacquets conjecture aims to generalise Waldspurgers result as well as Jacquets approach to higher dimensions. In this talk, we shall first recall the background of Guo-Jacquet trace formulae. Then we shall focus on an infinitesimal variant of these formulae and try to explain several results on the local comparison of most terms. Our infinitesimal study is expected to be relevant to the study of geometric sides of the original Guo-Jacquet trace formulae.