## Jerry Yu Fu : A density theorem towards p-adic monodromy

- Number Theory ( 456 Views )We investigate the $p$-adic monodromy of certain kinds of abelian varieties in $\mathcal{A}_{g}$ and prove a formal density theorem for the locus of deformations with big monodromy. Also, we prove that the small monodromy locus of the deformation space of a supersingular elliptic curve is $p$-adic nowhere dense. The approach is based on a congruence condition of $p$-divisible groups and transform of data between the Rapoport-Zink spaces and deformation spaces.

## David Schwein : Recent progress on the formal degree conjecture

- Number Theory ( 288 Views )The local Langlands correspondence is a dictionary between representations of two kinds of groups: reductive p-adic groups (such as the general linear group) and the absolute Galois groups of p-adic fields. One entry in the dictionary is a conjectural formula of Hiraga, Ichino, and Ikeda for the size of a representation of a p-adic group, its "formal degree", in terms of the corresponding representation of a Galois group. In this talk, after reviewing the broad shape of p-adic representation theory, I'll explain why the conjecture is true for almost all supercuspidals, the fundamental building blocks of the subject.

## Junyan Xu : Bounds for certain families of character sums: how to obtain strong bounds with more exceptions from weak bounds with fewer exceptions

- Number Theory ( 231 Views )I will first introduce some generalities about exponential sums, in particular that square-root cancellation is expected for many algebraic character sums over the rational points of an algebraic variety over a finite field. I will then set the stage for my work: we consider a family of exponential sums, which in our case is parameterized by the rational points of a variety (the parameter space). Our task is to obtain a good bound on the number of exceptional ("bad") parameters for which square-root cancellations fail. Following an idea of Michael Larsen, we consider even moments of the family of exponential sums. If the summands are of certain product form, a transformation can be applied to produce another family of exponential sums (of the same type). If the summands are products of multiplicative characters composed with certain polynomial functions, a weak bound can then be applied to the character sums in this family (with few bad parameters), yielding bounds for the moments. We know from the theory of l-adic sheaves that the parameter space for the original family have a stratification by smooth varieties, which is uniform in some sense as long as the degrees of the characters and polynomials are bounded. Moreover, on each stratum the character sum behave in certain uniform way, so that we can talk about good and bad strata. The bounds on moments yield bounds on dimensions of bad strata, which in turn yield bounds on the number of bad parameters (in any box) of the original family. Though not optimal, the bounds already imply nontrivial Burgess bounds for forms, in joint work with Lillian Pierce.

## Jessica Fintzen : Representations of p-adic groups

- Number Theory ( 215 Views )In the 1990s Moy and Prasad revolutionized p-adic representation theory by showing how to use Bruhat-Tits theory to assign invariants to p-adic representations. The tools they introduced resulted in rapid advancements in both representation theory and harmonic analysis -- areas of central importance in the Langlands program. A crucial ingredient for many results is an explicit construction of (types for) representations of p-adic groups. In this talk I will indicate why, survey what constructions are known (no knowledge about p-adic groups assumed) and present recent developments based on a refinement of Moy and Prasad's invariants.

## Damaris Schindler : Manins conjecture for certain smooth hypersurfaces in biprojective space

- Number Theory ( 210 Views )So far, the circle method has been a very useful tool to prove many cases of Manin's conjecture on the number of rational points of bounded anticanonical height on Fano varieties. Work of B. Birch back in 1962 establishes this for smooth complete intersections in projective space as soon as the number of variables is large enough depending on the degree and number of equations. In this talk we are interested in subvarieties of biprojective space. There is not much known so far, unless the underlying polynomials are of bidegree (1,1) or (1,2). In this talk we present recent work which combines the circle method with the generalised hyperbola method developed by V. Blomer and J. Bruedern. This allows us to verify Manin's conjecture for certain smooth hypersurfaces in biprojective space of general bidegree.

## Samit Dasgupta : The Brumer-Stark Conjecture

- Number Theory ( 205 Views )I will give a very informal talk on some work I am doing now with Mahesh Kakde. We hope to make progress on the Brumer-Stark conjecture using the theory of group-ring families of modular forms. I will motivate and state the conjecture, and describe the flavor of our approach.

## Zhilin Luo : Bias of root numbers for Hilbert new forms of cubic level

- Number Theory ( 198 Views )We express the bias of global root numbers of Hilbert new forms of cubic level via special values of Dedekind L-functions attached to CM extensions determined by the level. In particular, our formula includes the case when weight 2 appears. We establish the formula by 1) a limit form of Jacquet-Zagier trace formula on PGL_2 associated to certain not necessarily integrable test functions at Archimedean places (when weight 2 occurs), and 2) showing the meromorphic continuation of certain Dirichlet series with coefficients given by special value of Dedekind L-functions via spectral side of the Jacquet-Zagier trace formula. This is a joint work with Q. Pi and H. Wu. arXiv: 2110.08310.

## Robert Rhoades : The story of a ?strange? function

- Number Theory ( 188 Views )In a 1997 Fields Medalist Maxim Kontsevich suggested that the function F(q) = 1 + (1-q) + (1-q)(1-q^2) + (1-q)(1-q^2)(1-q^3)+?, defined only for q a root of unity, is similar to certain functions arising from the computation of Feynman integrals in quantum field theory. In the last sixteen years this function has been connected to interval orders in decision making theory, ascent sequences and matchings in combinatorics, and Vassiliev invariants in knot theory. Don Zagier related the asymptotic properties of this function to the ?half-derivatives? of modular forms and was led to define a notion of ?quantum modular form?. In a trilogy of papers, my collaborators (Andrews, Bryson, Ono, Pitman, Zwegers) and I have connected this function to Ramanujan?s mock theta functions and the combinatorics of unimodal sequences. I will tell the story of this function and these many relationships.

## W. Spencer Leslie : A new lifting via higher theta functions

- Number Theory ( 188 Views )Theta functions are automorphic forms on the double cover of symplectic groups and are important for constructing automorphic liftings. For higher-degree covers of symplectic groups, there are generalized theta representations and it is natural to ask if these ``higher'' theta functions play a similar role in the theory of metaplectic forms. In this talk, I will discuss new lifting of automorphic representations on the 4-fold cover of symplectic groups using such theta functions. A key feature is that this lift produces counterexamples of the generalized Ramanujan conjecture, which motivates a connection to the emerging ``Langlands program for covering groups'' by way of Arthur parameters. The crucial fact allowing this lift to work is that theta functions for the 4-fold cover still have few non-vanishing Fourier coefficients, which fails for higher-degree covers.

## Thomas Hameister : The Hitchin Fibration for Quasisplit Symmetric Spaces

- Number Theory ( 179 Views )We will give an explicit construction of the regular quotient of Morrissey-Ngô in the case of a symmetric pair. In the case of a quasisplit form (i.e. the regular centralizer group scheme is abelian), we will give a Galois description of the regular centralizer group scheme using parabolic covers. We will then describe how the nonseparated structure of the regular quotient recovers the spectral description of Hitchin fibers given by Schapostnik for U(n,n) Higgs bundles. This work is joint with B. Morrissey.

## Hunter Brooks : Special Value Formulas for Rankin-Selberg p-adic L-Functions

- Number Theory ( 176 Views )We discuss special value formulas for a p-adic L-function L_p(f, \chi), where f is a fixed newform and \chi varies over the space of Hecke characters of a fixed imaginary quadratic field, as well as some recent applications. These formulas, first found by Bertolini, Darmon, and Prasanna, relate L_p(f, \mathbb{1}), a value which is outside the range of interpolation defining L_p, to arithmetic invariants of cycles on varieties fibered over modular curves.

## Asif Zaman : Moments of other random multiplicative functions

- Number Theory ( 165 Views )Random multiplicative functions naturally serve as models for number theoretic objects such as the Mobius function. After fixing a particular model, there are many interesting questions one can ask. For example, what is the distribution of their partial sums? Harper has recently made remarkable progress for partial sums of certain random multiplicative functions with values that lie on the complex unit circle. He settled the correct order of magnitude for their low moments and surprisingly established that one expects better than square-root cancellation in their partial sums. I will discuss an extension of Harper's analysis to a wider class of multiplicative functions such as those modeling the coefficients of automorphic $L$-functions.

## Michael Lipnowski : Torsion in the cohomology of arithmetic groups

- Number Theory ( 153 Views )The remarkable Cheeger-Muller theorem, of differential geometric origin, provides an analytic means of studying torsion in the cohomology of Riemannian manifolds. We describe how this theorem can be applied to prove a numerical form of Langlands' base change functoriality for torsion in cohomology.

## Ma Luo : Algebraic iterated integrals on the modular curve

- Number Theory ( 144 Views )In the previous talk, we discussed the algebraic de Rham theory for unipotent fundamental groups of elliptic curves. In this talk, we generalize it to a Q-de Rham theory for the relative completion of the modular group, the (orbifold) fundamental group of the modular curve. Using Chen's method of power series connections, we construct a connection on the modular curve that generalizes the elliptic KZB connection on an elliptic curve. By Tannaka duality, it can be viewed as a universal relative unipotent connection with a regular singularity at the cusp. This connection enables us to construct iterated integrals of modular forms, possibly 'of the second kind', that provide periods called 'multiple modular values' by Brown. These periods include multiple zeta values and periods of modular forms.

## Simon Marshall : L^p norms of arithmetic eigenfunctions

- Number Theory ( 143 Views )Let M be a compact Riemannian manifold, and f an L^2 normalised Laplace eigenfunction on M. A popular question in semiclassical analysis is how well one can bound the other L^p norms of f, or its restriction to a submanifold. I will give an introduction to this problem, and describe how one can make progress on it using the additional assumptions that M is arithmetic and f is a Hecke-Maass form.

## Albert Chau : Limits of the Kahler Ricci flow and non-negatively curved Kahler manifolds

- Number Theory ( 138 Views )In this talk I will discuss joint results with L.F.Tam on the limiting behavior of the Kahler Ricci flow and its application to the structure of non-negatively curved complete non-compact Kahler manifolds.

## Viet Bao Le Hung : Congruences between automorphic forms

- Number Theory ( 130 Views )The theory of congruences between automorphic forms traces back to Ramanujan, who observed various congruence properties between coefficients of generating functions related to the partition function. Since then, the subject has evolved to become a central piece of contemporary number theory, lying at the heart of spectacular achievements such as the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem and the Sato-Tate conjecture. In my talk I will explain how the modern theory gives satisfactory explanations of some concrete phenomena for modular forms (the GL_2 case), and discuss recent progress concerning automorphic forms for higher rank groups.

## Sol Friedberg : Higher theta functions

- Number Theory ( 130 Views )Higher theta functions are the residues of Eisenstein series on covers of the adelic points of classical groups. On the one hand, they generalize the Jacobi theta function. On the other, their Whittaker-Fourier coefficients are not understood, even for covers of $GL_2$. In this talk I explain how, using methods of descent, one may establish a series of relations between the coefficients of theta functions on different groups. In the first instance, this allows us to prove a version of Patterson's famous conjecture relating the Fourier coefficient of the biquadratic theta function to quartic Gauss sums. This is based on joint work with David Ginzburg.

## Xiao (Griffin) Wang : Multiplicative Hitchin Fibration and Fundamental Lemma

- Number Theory ( 129 Views )Given a reductive group 𝐺 and some auxiliary data, one has the Hitchin fibration associated with the adjoint action of 𝐺 on Lie(𝐺), which is successfully used by B. C. Ngô to prove the endoscopic fundamental lemma for Lie algebras. Following the same idea, there is a group analogue called the multiplicative Hitchin fibration by replacing the Lie algebra with reductive monoids, and one can hope to directly prove the fundamental lemma at group level. This project is almost complete and we report the results so far. There are many new features that are not present in the additive case, among which is a pleasant surprise that there might be some strata in the support theorem that are not explained by endoscopy.

## Matthew Litman : Markoff-type K3 Surfaces: Local and Global Finite Orbits

- Number Theory ( 124 Views )Markoff triples were introduced in 1879 and have a rich history spanning many branches of mathematics. In 2016, Bourgain, Gamburd, and Sarnak answered a long standing question by showing there exist infinitely many composite Markoff numbers. Their proof relied on showing the connectivity for an infinite family of graphs associated to Markoff triples modulo p for infinitely many primes p. In this talk we discuss what happens for the projective analogue of Markoff triples, that is surfaces W in P^1 x P^1 x P^1 cut out by the vanishing of a (2,2,2)-form that admit three non-commuting involutions and are fixed under coordinate permutations and double sign changes. Inspired by the work of B-G-S we investigate such surfaces over finite fields, specifically their orbit structure under their automorphism group. For a specific one-parameter subfamily W_k of such surfaces, we construct finite orbits in W_k(C) by studying small orbits that appear in W_k(F_p) for many values of p and k. This talk is based on joint work with E. Fuchs, J. Silverman, and A. Tran.