## Edna Jones : The Kloosterman circle method and weighted representation numbers of positive definite quadratic forms

- Uploaded by schrett ( 3 Views )We develop a version of the Kloosterman circle method with a bump function that is used to provide asymptotics for weighted representation numbers of positive definite integral quadratic forms. Unlike many applications of the Kloosterman circle method, we explicitly state some constants in the error terms that depend on the quadratic form. This version of the Kloosterman circle method uses Gauss sums, Kloosterman sums, Salié sums, and a principle of nonstationary phase. If time permits, we may discuss a potential application of this version of the Kloosterman circle method to a proof of a strong asymptotic local-global principle for certain Kleinian sphere packings.

## Benedict Morrissey : Regular quotients and Hitchin fibrations (joint work with Ngô B.-C.)

- Uploaded by schrett ( 10 Views )Orbital integrals for the Lie algebra can be analyzed using the Hitchin fibration. In turn the Hitchin fibration can be analyzed via the morphism g^{reg} ----> g//G from the regular elements of the Lie algebra, to the GIT quotient by the adjoint action. In trying to generalize this story by replacing the action of G on g by the action of G on some sufficiently nice variety M, we must replace the GIT quotient with what we call the regular quotient. This talk will look at the reasons for this, and the difference between the GIT and regular quotients in the case of G acting on G by conjugation (when the derived group of G is not simply connected), G acting on the commuting scheme, and G acting on the Vinberg monoid.

## Rafah Hajjar Munoz : On the residually indistinguishable case of Ribet’s lemma

- Uploaded by schrett ( 52 Views )Ribet’s method describes a way to construct a certain extension of fields from the existence of a suitable modular form. To do so, we consider the Galois representation of an appropriate cuspform, which gives rise to a cohomology class that cuts out our desired extension. The process of obtaining a cohomology class from such a representation is usually known as Ribet’s lemma. Several generalizations of this lemma have been stated and proved during the last decades, but the vast majority of them makes the assumption that the representation is residually distinguishable, meaning that the characters of its residual decomposition are non-congruent modulo the maximal ideal. However, recent applications of Ribet’s method, such as for the proof of the 2-part of the Brumer-Stark conjecture, have encountered the challenge that the representation we obtain does not satisfy this assumption. In my talk, I describe the limitations of the residually indistinguishable case and conjecture a new general version of Ribet’s lemma in this context, giving a proof in some particular cases.

## Evangelia Gazaki : Torsion phenomena for zero-cycles on a product of curves over a number field

- Uploaded by schrett ( 102 Views )For a smooth projective variety X over an algebraic number field a conjecture of Bloch and Beilinson predicts that the kernel of the Abel-Jacobi map of X is a torsion group. When X is a curve, this follows by the Mordell-Weil theorem. In higher dimensions however there is hardly any evidence for this conjecture. In this talk I will focus on the case when X is a product of smooth projective curves and construct infinitely many nontrivial examples that satisfy a weaker form of the Bloch-Beilinson conjecture. This relies on a recent joint work with Jonathan Love.

## Aleksander Horawa : Motivic action on coherent cohomology of Hilbert modular varieties

- Uploaded by schrett ( 109 Views )A surprising property of the cohomology of locally symmetric spaces is that Hecke operators can act on multiple cohomological degrees with the same eigenvalues. We will discuss this phenomenon for the coherent cohomology of line bundles on modular curves and, more generally, Hilbert modular varieties. We propose an arithmetic explanation: a hidden degree-shifting action of a certain motivic cohomology group (the Stark unit group). This extends the conjectures of Venkatesh, Prasanna, and Harris to Hilbert modular varieties.

## Jonathan P. Wang : Derived Satake equivalence for Godement-Jacquet monoids

- Uploaded by schrett ( 165 Views )Godement-Jacquet use the Schwartz space of n-by-n matrices to construct the standard L-function for GL_n. Ben-Zvi, Sakellaridis and Venkatesh conjecture that the local unramified part of this theory can be categorified to an equivalence between an 'analytic' category of constructible sheaves and a 'spectral' category of dg modules. In this talk I will explain the proof of this equivalence and some of its properties. I will also discuss connections to conjectures of Braverman-Kazhdan on constructions of general automorphic L-functions. This is joint work with Tsao-Hsien Chen (in preparation).

## David Schwein : Recent progress on the formal degree conjecture

- Uploaded by schrett ( 152 Views )The local Langlands correspondence is a dictionary between representations of two kinds of groups: reductive p-adic groups (such as the general linear group) and the absolute Galois groups of p-adic fields. One entry in the dictionary is a conjectural formula of Hiraga, Ichino, and Ikeda for the size of a representation of a p-adic group, its "formal degree", in terms of the corresponding representation of a Galois group. In this talk, after reviewing the broad shape of p-adic representation theory, I'll explain why the conjecture is true for almost all supercuspidals, the fundamental building blocks of the subject.

## Zhilin Luo : Bias of root numbers for Hilbert new forms of cubic level

- Uploaded by schrett ( 102 Views )We express the bias of global root numbers of Hilbert new forms of cubic level via special values of Dedekind L-functions attached to CM extensions determined by the level. In particular, our formula includes the case when weight 2 appears. We establish the formula by 1) a limit form of Jacquet-Zagier trace formula on PGL_2 associated to certain not necessarily integrable test functions at Archimedean places (when weight 2 occurs), and 2) showing the meromorphic continuation of certain Dirichlet series with coefficients given by special value of Dedekind L-functions via spectral side of the Jacquet-Zagier trace formula. This is a joint work with Q. Pi and H. Wu. arXiv: 2110.08310.

## William Sokurski : Fourier operators on GL(2) for odd Adjoint powers

- Uploaded by schrett ( 109 Views )Recently A. Braverman, D. Kazhdan, and L. Lafforgue have interpreted Langlands' functoriality in terms of a generalized harmonic analysis on reductive groups that requires the existence of new spaces of functions and an associated, generally non-linear, involutive Fourier transform. This talk will discuss some of these objects involved in the local p-adic situation, after introducing some ideas and basic constructions involved. Specifically, the local Fourier transforms have a nice interpretation in terms of their spectral decomposition giving the gamma factors that appear in functional equations of L functions, which, in the standard case allows one to write down the epsilon factors attached to supercuspidal representations as non-abelian Gauss sums. For G=GL(2), we use the local Langlands correspondence to provide L and epsilon factors for odd adjoint power transfers and use this to interpret the Adjoint power Fourier-transform such that its spectral decomposition on supercuspidal representations is given explicitly by certain non-abelian Kloosterman sums, which we use to give a form of the Fourier operator.

## Omer Offen : On the distinction problem of parabolically induced representations for Galois symmetric pairs

- Uploaded by schrett ( 100 Views )Let G be the group of rational points of a linear algebraic group over a local field. A representation of G is distinguished by a subgroup H if it admits a non-zero H-invariant linear form. A Galois symmetric pair (G,H) is such that H=Y(F) and G=Y(E) where E/F is a quadratic extension of local fields and Y is a reductive group defined over F. In this talk we show that for a Galois symmetric pair, often the necessary condition for H-distinction of a parabolically induced representation, emerging from the geometric lemma of Berenstein-Zelevinsky, are also sufficient. In particular, we obtain a characterization of H-distinguished representations induced from cuspidal in terms of distinction of the inducing data. We explicate these results further when Y is a classical group and point out some global applications for Galois distinguished automorphic representations of SO(2n+1). This is joint work with Nadir Matringe.

## Rahul Dalal : Counting level-1, quaternionic automorphic representations on G2

- Uploaded by schrett ( 93 Views )Quaternionic automorphic representations are one attempt to generalize to other groups the special place holomorphic modular forms have among automorphic representations of GL2. Like holomorphic modular forms, they are defined by having their real component be one of a particularly nice class (in this case, called quaternionic discrete series). We count quaternionic automorphic representations on the exceptional group G2 by developing a G2 version of the classical Eichler-Selberg trace formula for holomorphic modular forms. There are two main technical difficulties. First, quaternionic discrete series come in L-packets with non-quaternionic members and standard invariant trace formula techniques cannot easily distinguish between discrete series with real component in the same L-packet. Using the more modern stable trace formula resolves this issue. Second, quaternionic discrete series do not satisfy a technical condition of being "regular", so the trace formula can a priori pick up unwanted contributions from automorphic representations with non-tempered components at infinity. Applying some computations of Mundy, this miraculously does not happen for our specific case of quaternionic representations on G2. Finally, we are only studying level-1 forms, so we can apply some tricks of Chenevier and Taïbi to reduce the problem to counting representations on the compact form of G2 and certain pairs of modular forms. This avoids involved computations on the geometric side of the trace formula.

## Manish Mishra : Self-dual cuspidal representations

- Uploaded by schrett ( 130 Views )Let F be a non-archimedean local field (such as ℚ_p). The Langlands philosophy says that the arithmetic of F is intimately related to the category R(G) of smooth complex representations of G(F) where G denotes a reductive F-group (for example the general linear group). The building blocks of R(G) are the "supercuspidal" representations of G(F). I will define this term in the talk. The category R(G) comes equipped with an involution - the "contragradient" or the "dual". The supercuspidal representations of G(F) which are self-dual are of considerable interest in the subject. In this talk, I will talk about a joint work with Jeff Adler about the existence of supercuspidals and self-dual supercuspidals. Specifically, we show that G(F) always admits supercuspidal representations. Under some mild hypotheses on G, we determine precisely when G(F) admits self-dual supercuspidal representations. These results are obtained from analogous results for finite reductive groups which I will also talk about.

## Neelam Saikia : Frobenius Trace Distributions for Gaussian Hypergeometric Functions

- Uploaded by schrett ( 235 Views )In the 1980’s, Greene defined hypergeometric functions over finite fields using Jacobi sums. The framework of his theory establishes that these functions possess many properties that are analogous to those of the classical hypergeometric series studied by Gauss and Kummer. These functions have played important roles in the study of Ap ́ery-style supercongruences, the Eichler-Selberg trace formula, Galois representations, and zeta-functions of arithmetic varieties. In this talk we discuss the distributions (over large finite fields) of natural families of these functions. For the 2F1 functions, the limiting distribution is semicircular, whereas the distribution for the 3F2 functions is the more exotic Batman distribution.

## Dick Hain : Hecke actions on loops and periods of iterated itegrals of modular forms

- Uploaded by root ( 166 Views )Hecke operators act on many invariants associated to modular curves and their generalizations. For example, they act on modular forms and on cohomology groups of modular curves. In each of these cases, they generate a semi-simple, commutative algebra. In the first part of this talk, I will recall (in friendly, elementary, geometric terms) what Hecke operators are and how they act on the standard invariants. I will then show that they also act on loops in modular curves (aka, conjugacy classes in modular groups). In this case, the Hecke operators generate a non-commutative subalgebra of the vector space generated by the conjugacy classes, which leads to a very natural non-commutative generalization of the classical Hecke algebra. In the second part of the talk will discuss why one might want do construct such a Hecke action. As a prelude to this, I will explain why this Hecke action commutes with the natural action of the absolute Galois group after taking profinite completions. And, in the unlikely event that I have sufficient time, I will also explain how (after taking the appropriate completion) this Hecke action is also compatible with Hodge theory.

## Yunqing Tang : Picard ranks of reductions of K3 surfaces over global fields

- Uploaded by root ( 166 Views )For a K3 surface X over a number field with potentially good reduction everywhere, we prove that there are infinitely many primes modulo which the reduction of X has larger geometric Picard rank than that of the generic fiber X. A similar statement still holds true for ordinary K3 surfaces over global function fields. In this talk, I will present the proofs via the intersection theory on GSpin Shimura varieties and also discuss various applications. These results are joint work with Ananth Shankar, Arul Shankar, and Salim Tayou and with Davesh Maulik and Ananth Shankar.

## Tony Feng : Steenrod operations and the Artin-Tate pairing

- Uploaded by root ( 130 Views )In 1966 Artin and Tate constructed a canonical pairing on the Brauer group of a surface over a finite field, and conjectured it to be alternating. This duality has analogous incarnations across arithmetic and topology, namely the Cassels-Tate pairing for a Jacobian variety, and the linking form on a 5-manifold. I will explain a proof of the conjecture, which is based on a surprising connection to Steenrod operations.

## Ayla Gafni : Extremal primes for elliptic curves without complex multiplication

- Uploaded by root ( 130 Views )Fix an elliptic curve $E$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. An ''extremal prime'' for $E$ is a prime $p$ of good reduction such that the number of rational points on $E$ modulo $p$ is maximal or minimal in relation to the Hasse bound. In this talk, I will discuss what is known and conjectured about the number of extremal primes $p\le X$, and give the first non-trivial upper bound for the number of such primes when $E$ is a curve without complex multiplication. The result is conditional on the hypothesis that all the symmetric power $L$-functions associated to $E$ are automorphic and satisfy the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. In order to obtain this bound, we use explicit equidistribution for the Sato-Tate measure as in recent work of Rouse and Thorner, and refine certain intermediate estimates taking advantage of the fact that extremal primes have a very small Sato-Tate measure.

## Jürgen Klüners : The negative Pell equation and the Cohen-Lenstra heuristic

- Uploaded by root ( 121 Views )For a (squarefree) integer d the negative Pell equation is given by: X^2 - d Y^2 = -1. It is easy to see that this equation has no solution over the integers, if d is negative or d is congruent to 3 modulo 4. In this talk we would like to study the asymptotic behavior of integers d such that this equation is solvable. This question is related to the behavior of the class group of the quadratic field generated by a square root of d. The distribution of those class groups is described by the Cohen-Lenstra heuristics.

## Levent Alpoge : The average number of rational points on odd genus two curves over \Q is bounded

- Uploaded by root ( 160 Views )We prove that, when monic quintic integral polynomials f\in \Z[x] with nonzero discriminant are ordered by height, the average number of solutions to y^2 = f(x) is bounded.

## Michael Harris : Chern classes of automorphic vector bundles

- Uploaded by root ( 119 Views )Holomorphic modular forms on the Shimura variety S(G) attached to the reductive group G can be interpreted naturally as sections of automorphic vector bundles: locally free sheaves that can be defined analytically by exploiting the structure of a Shimura variety as a quotient of a symmetric space. The construction can also be made algebraic, and in this way one gets a canonical functor from the tensor category of representations of a certain Levi subgroup K of G to the tensor category of vector bundles on S(G), and thus a homomorphism from the representation ring of K to K_0(S(G)). When S(G) is compact we determine how the image of this homomorphism behaves under Chern characters to Deligne cohomology and continuous l-adic cohomology. When S(G) is non-compact and of abelian type, we use perfectoid geometry to define Chern classes in the l-adic cohomology of the minimal compactification of S(G); these are analogous to the topological cohomology classes defined by Goresky and Pardon, using differential geometry. (Joint work with Helene Esnault.)