## Jianqiang Zhao : Arithmetic and Geometry of Multiple Polylogarithms

- Algebraic Geometry ( 7 Views )In this talk I will describe a proof of a conjecture made by Beilinson et al concerning the motivic complex in the weight three case. Then I will explain a new way to define the analytic continuation of the multiple polylogarithms which provides an appproach to defining the good variations of mixed Hodge-Tate structures associated to the multiple polylogarithms explicitly. As an application I will define the single-valued real analytic version of these multi-valued functions and which should be connected to the special values of multiple Dedekind zeta functions over general number fields.

## Richard Paul Horja : Derived category automorphims from mirrorsymmetry

- Algebraic Geometry ( 6 Views )Inspired by Kontsevich's homological mirror symmetry conjecture, I will show how to construct new classes of automorphisms of the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on a smooth quasi-projective Calabi-Yau variety. Examples will be presented. I will also explain the 'local' character of the picture.

## Matthew Cushman : The Motivic Fundamental Group

- Algebraic Geometry ( 6 Views )The fundamental group of a topological space is usually defined in terms of homotopy classes of based loops. The group structure is given by composition of loops. If X is a complex algebraic variety, one has an underlying topological space, and hence a fundamental group. Hain showed that the nilpotent completion of the group ring of this topological fundamental group carries a mixed Hodge structure. Grothendieck defined a fundamental group for schemes defined over any field. Applying this to a complex algebraic variety, one obtains the profinite completion of the topological fundamental group. This group comes with a natural action of the absolute Galois group of the field of definition. The above indicates that varieties over fields of characteristic zero have two notions of fundamental group, armed with either a Galois action or a mixed Hodge structure. This is similar to the situation with homology and cohomology groups, where one has both an etale and Betti version carrying Galois actions and Hodge structures. An important guiding principle is that both of these versions of homology and cohomology should come from an underlying ``motivic'' theory. This is a homology and cohomology theory for algebraic varieties over a field k taking values the abelian tensor category of mixed motives over k, denoted M_k. There should be functors from M_k to both the category of Galois modules and mixed Hodge structures. When applied to the motivic homology of a variety X, these functors should yield the etale homology or Betti homology of X. In this way, motives glue these two different theories together more strongly than just the comparison isomorphisms. Nori has recently given a definition of the category of mixed motives. In this talk, we will show how this category relates to the fundamental group. In fact, more generally there is a motivic version of paths between two different points x and y of X which is important for applications. We also show that the multiplication and comultiplication maps are motivic, and compare with Hain's theory.

## Speaker unknown : On the converse theorem in the theory of Borcherds products

- Algebraic Geometry ( 7 Views )R. Borcherds constructed a lifting from elliptic modular forms of weight $1-n/2$ to meromorphic modular forms on the orthogonal group $O(2,n)$. The lifted modular forms can be written as infinite products analogous to the Dedekind $\eta$-function (``Borcherds products''). Moreover, their divisors are always linear combinations of Heegner divisors; these are algebraic divisors that come from embedded quotients of $O(2,n-1)$. We address the natural question, whether every meromorphic modular form on $O(2,n)$, whose divisor is a linear combination of Heegner divisors, is a Borcherds product? We discuss some recent results that answer this question in the affirmative in a large class of cases.

## HaoHua Deng : Mumford-Tate Groups and the Hodge locus of period maps

- Algebraic Geometry ( 248 Views )Mumford-Tate groups together with their associated Mumford-Tate domains, as their definitions, tell rich information about Hodge classes. While Abelian varieties with complex multiplication serve as (relatively simple) examples, the study on Mumford-Tate groups in general cases could be much more complicated. In this expository talk I will briefly summarize the literature in the view of algebraic geometry and representation theory. The relation between Mumford-Tate groups and the Hodge-generic properties of period maps will be emphasized. I will also talk about some recent applications, including part of the latest results on the distribution of Hodge locus worked out by Baldi-Klingler-Ullmo. The talk is supposed to be accessible for graduate students in algebraic geometry or related fields.

## Wei Ho : Integral points on elliptic curves

- Algebraic Geometry ( 326 Views )Elliptic curves are fundamental and well-studied objects in arithmetic geometry. However, much is still not known about many basic properties, such as the number of rational points on a "random" elliptic curve. We will discuss some conjectures and theorems about this "arithmetic statistics" problem, and then show how they can be applied to answer a related question about the number of integral points on elliptic curves over Q. In particular, we show that the second moment (and the average) for the number of integral points on elliptic curves over Q is bounded (joint work with Levent Alpoge)

## Jesse Kass : What is the limit of a line bundle on a nonnormal variety

- Algebraic Geometry ( 147 Views )On a nonnormal variety, the limit of a family of line bundles is not always a line bundle. What is the limit? I will present an answer to this question and give some applications. If time permits, I will discuss connections with Néron models, autoduality, and recent work of R. Hartshorne and C. Polini.

## Rita Pardini : Linear systems on irregular varieties

- Algebraic Geometry ( 150 Views )
I will report on joint work M.A. Barja (UPC, Barcelona) and L. Stoppino (Universita' dell'Insubria, Como - Italy).

Given a generically finite map a:X--> A, where X is a smooth projective variety and A is an abelian variety, and given a line bundle L on X, we study the linear system |L+P|, where P is a general element of Pic^0(A). We prove that up to taking base change with a suitable multiplication map A-->A, the map given by |L+P| is independent of P and induces a factorization of the map a.
When L is the canonical bundle of X, this factorization is a new geometrical object intrinsically attached to the variety X.

The factorization theorem also allows us to improve the known Clifford-Severi and Castelnuovo type numerical inequalities for line bundles on X, under certain assumptions on the map a:X-->A.
A key tool in these proofs is the introduction of a real function, the continuous rank function, that also allows us to simplify considerably the proof of the general Clifford-Severi inequality.

## David Morrison : Normal functions and disk counting

- Algebraic Geometry ( 175 Views )In 1990, Candelas, de la Ossa, Green, and Parkes used the then-new technique of mirror symmetry to predict the number of rational curves of each fixed degree on a quintic threefold. The techniques used in the prediction were subsequently understood in Hodge-theoretic terms: the predictions are encoded in a power-series expansion of a quantity which describes the variation of Hodge structures, and in particular this power-series expansion is calculated from the periods of the holomorphic three-form on the quintic, which satisfy the Picard-- Fuchs differential equation. In 2006, Johannes Walcher made an analogous prediction for the number of holomorphic disks on the complexification of a real quintic threefold whose boundaries lie on the real quintic, in each fixed relative homology class. (The predictions were subsequently verified by Pandharipande, Solomon, and Walcher.) This talk will report on recent joint work of Walcher and the speaker which gives the Hodge- theoretic context for Walcher's predictions. The crucial physical quantity "domain wall tension" is interpreted as a Poincar\'e normal function, that is, a holomorphic section of the bundle of Griffiths intermediate Jacobians. And the periods are generalized to period integrals of the holomorphic three-form over appropriate 3-chains (not necessarily closed), which leads to a generalization of the Picard--Fuchs equations.

## Jeff Achter : Divisibility of the number of points on Jacobians

- Algebraic Geometry ( 170 Views )Given an elliptic curve over a finite field, one might reasonably ask for the chance that it has a rational point of order $\ell$. More generally, what is the chance that a curve drawn from a family over a finite field has a point of order $\ell$ on its Jacobian? The answer is encoded in an $\ell$-adic representation associated to the family in question. In this talk, I'll answer this question for hyper- or trielliptic curves, and give some results concerning an arbitrary family of curves. ** Keeping in mind what you said about the audience, I'll focus on the geometric and topological ideas.

## Chenglong Yu : Moduli of symmetric cubic fourfolds and nodal sextic curves

- Algebraic Geometry ( 200 Views )Period map is a powerful tool to study geometric objects related to K3 surfaces and cubic 4-folds. In this talk, we focus on moduli of cubic 4-folds and sextic curves with specified symmetries and singularities. We identify the geometric (GIT) compactifications with the Hodge theoretic (Looijenga, mostly Baily-Borel) compactifications of locally symmetric varieties. As a corollary, the algebra of GIT invariants is identified with the algebra of automorphic forms on the corresponding period domains. One of the key inputs is the functorial property of semi-toric compactifications of locally symmetric varieties. Our work generalizes results of Matsumoto-Sasaki-Yoshida, Allcock-Carlson-Toledo, Looijenga-Swierstra and Laza-Pearlstein-Zhang. This is joint work with Zhiwei Zheng.

## Laure Flapan : Hodge Groups of Hodge Structures with Hodge Numbers (n,0,...,0,n)

- Algebraic Geometry ( 113 Views )One of the main tools available for proving certain cases of the Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties is to compute the Hodge groups of the weight-1 Hodge structures associated to these abelian varieties. Thus Hodge groups of abelian varieties have been extensively investigated. In this talk, we discuss generalizing these results about Hodge groups to arbitrary-weight Hodge structures with Hodge numbers (n,0, ,0,n), particularly when n is prime or twice a prime. These generalizations yield some new results about Hodge classes of 2p-dimensional abelian varieties.

## Franziska Hinkelmann : Analysis of discrete models of biological systems using computer algebra

- Algebraic Geometry ( 112 Views )Many biological systems are modeled qualitatively with discrete models, such as probabilistic Boolean networks, logical models, bounded Petri nets, and agent-based models. Simulation is a common practice for analyzing discrete models, but many systems are far too large to capture all the relevant dynamical features through simulation alone. We convert discrete models into algebraic models and apply tools from computational algebra to analyze their dynamics. The key feature of biological systems that is exploited by our algorithms is their sparsity: while the number of nodes in a biological network may be quite large, each node is affected only by a small number of other nodes. In our experience with models arising in systems biology and random models, this structure leads to fast computations when using algebraic models, and thus efficient analysis. All algorithms and methods are available in our package Analysis of Dynamic Algebraic Models (ADAM), a user friendly web-interface that allows for fast analysis of large models, without requiring understanding of the underlying mathematics or any software installation. ADAM is available as a web tool, so it runs platform independent on all systems.

## Alex Perry : Derived categories of cubic fourfolds and their geometric applications

- Algebraic Geometry ( 203 Views )A fundamental problem in algebraic geometry is to determine whether a given algebraic variety is birational to projective space. This is most prominently open for cubic fourfolds, i.e. hypersurfaces defined by a cubic polynomial in a five-dimensional projective space. A decade ago, Kuznetsov suggested an approach to this problem using the derived category of coherent sheaves. I will explain recent applications of this perspective to fundamental questions in hyperkahler geometry and Hodge theory, which in turn shed light on the original question about cubic fourfolds.

## Paolo Stellari : Derived Torelli Theorem and Orientation

- Algebraic Geometry ( 146 Views )We will consider the problem of describing the group of autoequivalences of the derived categories of smooth K3 surfaces. After recalling the (Twisted) Derived Torelli Theorem, we will focus on its conjectural refinement, involving the preservation of the orientation of some 4-dimensional space in the total cohomology lattice. The conjecture will be proved in the generic (non-projective) case and we will discuss a few results which will possibly lead to the proof of the conjecture for smooth projective K3 surfaces. This is a joint work with D. Huybrechts and E. Macri'.

## Bernd Sturmfels : Real rank-two geometry

- Algebraic Geometry ( 107 Views )The real rank-two locus of an algebraic variety is the closure of the union of all secant lines spanned by real points. We seek a semi-algebraic description of this set. Its algebraic boundary consists of the tangential variety and the edge variety. Our study of Segre and Veronese varieties yields a characterization of tensors of real rank two. This is joint with Anna Seigal.

## Jeremy Rouse : Quadratic forms representing all odd positive integers

- Algebraic Geometry ( 116 Views )We consider the problem of classifying all positive-definite integer-valued quadratic forms that represent all positive odd integers. Kaplansky considered this problem for ternary forms, giving a list of 23 candidates, and proving that 19 of those represent all positive odds. (Jagy later dealt with a 20th candidate.) Assuming that the remaining three forms represent all positive odds, we prove that an arbitrary, positive-definite quadratic form represents all positive odds if and only if it represents the odd numbers from 1 up to 451. This result is analogous to Bhargava and Hanke's celebrated 290-theorem. In addition, we prove that these three remaining ternaries represent all positive odd integers, assuming the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. This result is made possible by a new analytic method for bounding the cusp constants of integer-valued quaternary quadratic forms $Q$ with fundamental discriminant. This method is based on the analytic properties of Rankin-Selberg $L$-functions, and we use it to prove that if $Q$ is a quaternary form with fundamental discriminant, the largest locally represented integer $n$ for which $Q(\vec{x}) = n$ has no integer solutions is $O(D^{2 + \epsilon})$.

## Alan Guo : Lattice point methods for combinatorial games

- Algebraic Geometry ( 122 Views )We encode arbitrary finite impartial combinatorial games in terms of lattice points in rational convex polyhedra. Encodings provided by these lattice games can be made particularly efficient for octal games, which we generalize to squarefree games. These encompass all heap games in a natural setting where the Sprague-Grundy theorem for normal play manifests itself geometrically. We provide polynomial-time algorithms for computing strategies for lattice games provided that they have a certain algebraic structure, called an affine stratification.