## Jesse Kass : What is the limit of a line bundle on a nonnormal variety

- Algebraic Geometry ( 150 Views )On a nonnormal variety, the limit of a family of line bundles is not always a line bundle. What is the limit? I will present an answer to this question and give some applications. If time permits, I will discuss connections with Néron models, autoduality, and recent work of R. Hartshorne and C. Polini.

## Wei Ho : Integral points on elliptic curves

- Algebraic Geometry ( 331 Views )Elliptic curves are fundamental and well-studied objects in arithmetic geometry. However, much is still not known about many basic properties, such as the number of rational points on a "random" elliptic curve. We will discuss some conjectures and theorems about this "arithmetic statistics" problem, and then show how they can be applied to answer a related question about the number of integral points on elliptic curves over Q. In particular, we show that the second moment (and the average) for the number of integral points on elliptic curves over Q is bounded (joint work with Levent Alpoge)

## Seth Baldwin : Positivity in T-equivariant K-theory of flag varieties associated to Kac-Moody groups

- Algebraic Geometry ( 121 Views )The cohomology rings of flag varieties have long been known to exhibit positivity properties. One such property is that the structure constants of the Schubert basis with respect to the cup product are non-negative. Brion (2002) and Anderson-Griffeth-Miller (2011) have shown that positivity extends to K-theory and T-equivariant K-theory, respectively. In this talk I will discuss recent work (joint with Shrawan Kumar) which generalizes these results to the case of Kac-Moody groups.

## Melanie Matchett Wood : Motivic Discriminants

- Algebraic Geometry ( 150 Views )We consider the "limiting behavior" of *discriminants* (or their complements), by which we mean informally the closed locus in some parameter space of some type of object where the objects have singularities. We focus on the collection of unordered points on a variety X, and linear systems on X. These are connected --- we use the first to understand the second. We describe their classes in the Grothendieck ring of varieties, as the number of points gets large, or as the line bundle gets very positive. As applications, (i) we show the motivic analogue of Poonen's point-counting result: the motivic probability of a section of L being smooth (as L gets large) is 1 / Z_X( \A^{-\dim X - 1} ) (where Z_X is the motivic zeta function), and (ii) show a priori unexpected structure in configuration spaces of points on a variety, with topological and point-counting consequences. Some low-tech examples: if v is a partition of n \leq 9, and v \neq (1,1,2,2,3), then the v-discriminant in the space of degree n polynomials (those polynomials with those root multiplicities, or worse) can be cut-and-pasted into affine space. (Question: over \C, does the complement have only two nonvanishing cohomology groups? What structure remains when n is larger?) This is joint work with Ravi Vakil.

## Jason Polak : Exposing relative endoscopy

- Algebraic Geometry ( 130 Views )For a reductive algebraic group G with Lie algebra g and involution \theta we define relative orbital integrals with respect to G acting on the -1 eigenspace of \theta on g. We prove some fundamental lemmas relating these orbital integrals to relative orbital integrals on smaller groups, providing the first example of a theory of relative endoscopy in our setting

## Andrew Critch : Causality and Algebraic Geometry

- Algebraic Geometry ( 145 Views )Abstract: Science, and perhaps all learning, is the problem of inferring causal relationships from observations. It turns out that algebraic geometry can provide powerful intuition and methods applicable to causal inference. The relevant theory of graphical causal models is a major entry point to the budding field of algebraic statistics, where algebraic geometry meets statistical modeling, and this talk will give an introduction to it from the perspective of an algebraic geometer. I'll introduce some conceptual tools and methods that are peculiar to algebraic statistics, and work through an example such causal inference computation using the commutative algebra software Macaulay2. At the end I'll review some of my research on hidden Markov models and varieties, and their close connection to matrix product state models of quantum-entangled qubits.

## Prakash Belkale : Topology of hyperplane arrangements and tensor product invariants

- Algebraic Geometry ( 152 Views )In the first part of this talk, we consider, in the context of an arbitrary hyperplane arrangement, the map between compactly supported cohomology to the usual cohomology of a local system. A formula (i.e., an explicit algebraic de Rham representative) for a generalized version of this map is obtained. These results are applied in the second part to invariant theory: Schechtman and Varchenko connect invariant theoretic objects to the cohomology of local systems on complements of hyperplane arrangements: To determine the image of invariants in cohomology. In suitable cases (e.g., corresponding to positive integral levels), the space of invariants is shown to acquire a mixed Hodge structure over a cyclotomic field. This is joint work with P. Brosnan and S. Mukhopadhyay.

## Chris Hall : Sequences of curves with growing gonality

- Algebraic Geometry ( 120 Views )Given a smooth irreducible complex curve $C$, there are several isomorphism invariants one can attach to $C$. One invariant is the genus of $C$, that is, the number of handles in the corresponding Riemann surface. A subtler invariant is the gonality of $C$, that is, the minimal degree of a dominant map from $C$ of $\mathbb{P}^1$. A lower bound for either invariant has diophantine consequences when $C$ can be defined over a number field, but the ability to give non-trivial lower bounds depends on how $C$ is presented. In this talk we will consider a sequence $C_1,C_2,\ldots$ of finite unramified covers of $C$ and give spectral criteria for the gonality of $C_n$ to tend to infinity.

## Sam Payne : Boundary complexes and weight filtrations

- Algebraic Geometry ( 116 Views )The boundary complex of an algebraic variety is the dual complex of the boundary divisor in a compactification of a log resolution. I will present recent work showing that the homotopy type of this complex is independent of the choice of resolution and compactification, and give relations between these complexes and Deligne's weight filtration on singular cohomology.

## Will Donovan : Noncommutative deformations and the birational geometry of 3-folds

- Algebraic Geometry ( 132 Views )I will speak about recent work with Michael Wemyss (arXiv:1309.0698), applying noncommutative deformation theory to study the birational geometry of 3-folds. I will give a brief introduction to noncommutative deformations, and explain how every flippable or floppable rational curve in a 3-fold has a naturally associated algebra of noncommutative deformations. This construction yields new information about the (commutative) geometry of the 3-fold, and provides a new tool to differentiate between flops. As a further application, we show how the noncommutative deformation algebra controls the homological properties of a floppable curve, relating a Fourier-Mukai flop-flop functor and a spherical twist about the universal family over the noncommutative deformation algebra. I will also explain work in progress applying this approach to other geometric situations, and to higher dimensions.

## Paul Johnson : Topology and combinatorics of Hilbert schemes of points on orbifolds

- Algebraic Geometry ( 123 Views )The Hilbert scheme of n points on C^2 is a smooth manifold of dimension 2n. The topology and geometry of Hilbert schemes have important connections to physics, representation theory, and combinatorics. Hilbert schemes of points on C^2/G, for G a finite group, are also smooth, and their topology is encoded in the combinatorics of partitions. When G is a subgroup of SL_2, the topology and combinatorics of the situation are well understood, but much less is known for general G. After outlining the well-understood situation, I will discuss some conjectures in the general case, and a combinatorial proof that their homology stabilizes.

## Jeffrey Giansiracusa : Equations of tropical varieties

- Algebraic Geometry ( 129 Views )Tropical geometry is a combinatorial shadow of algebraic geometry over a nonarchimedean field that encodes information about things like intersections and enumerative invariants. Usually one defines tropical varieties as certain polyhedral subsets of R^n satisfying a balancing condition. I'll show how these arise as the solution sets to certain systems of polynomial equations over the tropical semiring T = (R union -infinity, max, +) related to matroids. This yields a notion of tropical Hilbert polynomials, and in this framework there is a universal tropicalization that is closely related to the Berkovich analytification and the moduli space of valuations.

## Max Lieblich : K3 surfaces in positive characteristic

- Algebraic Geometry ( 202 Views )I will describe some aspects of the geometry of K3 surfaces in positive characteristic, including derived-category replacements for the classical Torelli theorem, supersingular analogues of twistor spaces, and some consequences for the arithmetic of certain elliptic curves over function fields. Some of the work described is joint with Daniel Bragg, and some is joint with Martin Olsson.

## Luca Schaffler : The KSBA compactification of the moduli space of D(1,6)-polarized Enriques surfaces.

- Algebraic Geometry ( 116 Views )In this talk we describe the moduli compactification by stable pairs (also known as KSBA compactification) of a 4-dimensional family of Enriques surfaces, which arise as the $\mathbb{Z}_2^2$-covers of the blow up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ at three general points branched along a configuration of three pairs of lines. The chosen divisor is an appropriate multiple of the ramification locus. Using the theory of stable toric pairs we are able to study the degenerations parametrized by the boundary and its stratification. We relate this compactification to the Baily-Borel compactification of the same family of Enriques surfaces. Part of the boundary of this stable pairs compactification has a toroidal behavior, another part is isomorphic to the Baily-Borel compactification, and what remains is a mixture of these two.

## Farbod Shokrieh : Divisors on graphs, connected flags, and syzygies

- Algebraic Geometry ( 127 Views )Associated to every finite graph G there is a canonical ideal which encodes the linear equivalences of divisors on G. We study this ideal and its associated initial ideal. We give an explicit description of their syzygy modules and the Betti numbers in terms of the "connected flags" of G. This resolves open questions posed by Postnikov-Shapiro, Perkinson-Perlmen-Wilmes, and Manjunath-Sturmfels. This is a joint work with Fatemeh Mohammadi.

## Bhargav Bhatt : Interpolating p-adic cohomology theories

- Algebraic Geometry ( 300 Views )Integration of differential forms against cycles on a complex manifold helps relate de Rham cohomology to singular cohomology, which forms the beginning of Hodge theory. The analogous story for p-adic manifolds, which is the subject of p-adic Hodge theory, is richer due to a wider variety of available cohomology theories (de Rham, etale, crystalline, and more) and torsion phenomena. In this talk, I will give a bird's eye view of this picture, guided by the recently discovered notion of prismatic cohomology that provides some cohesion to the story. (Based on joint work with Morrow and Scholze as well as work in progress with Scholze.)

## Tatsunari Watanabe : Weighted completion and Generic curves in positive characteristics

- Algebraic Geometry ( 135 Views )It follows from results in Teichmüller Theory that generic curves of type (g,n) in characteristic zero have only n rational points that come from the tautological points. Richard Hain gave an algebraic proof of the theorem. Extending his algebraic method to positive characteristics, we prove the analogous result for generic curves in positive characteristics. The primary tool used is the theory of weighted completion, which was developed by Richard Hain and Makoto Matsumoto. It linearises a profinite group such as arithmetic mapping class groups. In our case, the weighted completion connects topology and algebraic geometry in positive characteristics.

## Ben Howard : Twisted Gross-Zagier theorems and central derivatives in Hida families

- Algebraic Geometry ( 159 Views )Abstract: Given a Hida family of modular forms, a conjecture of Greenberg predicts that L-functions of forms in the family should generically vanish to order 0 or 1 at the center of the functional equation. Similarly the Selmer groups of forms in the family should generically be of rank 0 or 1. In this talk I will prove a generalization of the Gross-Zagier theorem, relating Neron-Tate heights of special points on the modular Jacobian J_1(N) to derivatives of L-functions, and explain how this generalization can be used to verify Greenberg's conjecture for any particular Hida family.

## Sarah J Frei : Moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces and Galois representations

- Algebraic Geometry ( 245 Views )Moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces have been well-studied when defined over the complex numbers, because they are one of the known families of hyperkaehler varieties. However, many of their arithmetic properties when defined over an arbitrary field are still unknown. In this talk, I will tell you about a new result in this direction: two such moduli spaces of the same dimension, when defined over a finite field, have the same number of points defined over every finite field extension of the base field, which is surprising when the moduli spaces are not birational. The way to get at this result is to study the cohomology groups of the moduli spaces as Galois representations. Over an arbitrary field, we find that all of the cohomology groups are isomorphic as Galois representations.

## John Swallow : Galois module structure of Galois cohomology

- Algebraic Geometry ( 165 Views )NOTE SEMINAR TIME: NOON!! Abstract: Let p be a prime number, F a field containing a primitive pth root of unity, and E/F a cyclic extension of degree p, with Galois group G. Let G_E be the absolute Galois group of E. The cohomology groups H^i(E,Fp)=Hî(G_E,Fp) possess a natural structure as FpG-modules and decompose into direct sums of indecomposables. In the 1960s Boreviè and Faddeev gave decompositions of E^*/E^*p -- the case i=1 -- for local fields. We describe the case i=1 for arbitrary fields, and then, using the Bloch-Kato Conjecture, we also determine the case i>1. No small surprise arises from the fact that there exist indecomposable FpG-modules which never appear in these module decompositions. We give several consequences of these results, notably a generalization of the Schreier formula for G_E, connections with Demu¹kin groups, and new families of pro-p-groups that cannot be realized as absolute Galois groups. These results have been obtained in collaboration with D. Benson, J. Labute, N. Lemire, and J. Mináè.