## Jessica Fintzen : Frontiers in Mathematics Lecture 1: Representations of p-adic groups

- Presentations ( 294 Views )The Langlands program is a far-reaching collection of conjectures that relate different areas of mathematics including number theory and representation theory. A fundamental problem on the representation theory side of the Langlands program is the construction of all (irreducible, smooth, complex) representations of certain matrix groups, called p-adic groups. In my talk I will introduce p-adic groups and provide an overview of our understanding of their representations, with an emphasis on recent progress. I will also briefly discuss applications to other areas, e.g. to automorphic forms and the global Langlands program.

## Troy Schaudt : Mathematica 11 in Education and Research

- Presentations ( 292 Views )This technical talk will show live calculations in Mathematica 11 and other Wolfram technologies relevant to courses and research. Specific topics include: * Enter calculations in everyday English, or using the flexible Wolfram Language * Visualize data, functions, surfaces, and more in 2D or 3D * Store and share documents locally or in the Wolfram Cloud * Use the Predictive Interface to get suggestions for the next useful calculation or function options * Access trillions of bits of on-demand data * Use semantic import to enrich your data using Wolfram curated data * Easily turn static examples into mouse-driven, dynamic applications * Access 10,000 free course-ready applications * Utilize the Wolfram Language's wide scope of built-in functions, or create your own * Get deep support for specialized areas including machine learning, time series, image processing, parallelization, and control systems, with no add-ons required Current users will benefit from seeing the many improvements and new features of Mathematica 11 (https://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/new-in-11/), but prior knowledge of Mathematica is not required.

## Pengzi Miao : Remarks on a Scalar Curvature Rigidity Theorem of Brendle and Marques

- Presentations ( 256 Views )In a recent paper, Brendle and Marques proved that on certain geodesic balls in the standard hemisphere, there does not exist small metric deformations of the standard metric which increase the scalar curvature in the interior and the mean curvature on the boundary. Such a result was motivated by the Euclidean and Hyperbolic positive mass theorems. More interestingly, this result is false on the hemisphere itself, which is shown by Brendle-Marques-Neves' remarkable counter example to the Min-Oo's conjecture. In this talk, we provide a few remarks to Brendle and Marques' theorem. We show that their theorem remains valid on slightly larger geodesic balls; it also holds on certain convex domains; moreover, with a volume constraint imposed, a variation of their theorem holds on the hemisphere. This is a joint work with Luen-Fai Tam.

## Dr. Andrew Barnes : Risk Measurement and Capital Allocation for large loan portfolios

- Presentations ( 207 Views )Calculation of portfolio loss distributions is an important part of credit risk management in all large banking institutions. Mathematically, this calculation is tantamount to efficiently computing the probability distribution of the sum of a very large number of correlated random variables. Typical Monte Carlo aggregation models apply brute force computation to this problem and suffer from two main drawbacks: lack of speed and lack of transparency for further credit risk analysis. I will describe an attempt to ameliorate these drawbacks via an asymptotic probabilistic method based on the Central Limit Theorem. I will next describe capital allocation, a process of attributing risk to individual transactions or subportfolios of a given portfolio. In so doing, I will state axioms for coherent risk measures. These axioms place the notion of risk measurement and diversification on a firm mathematical foundation. I will then describe axioms for capital allocation via coherent risk measures, and illustrate the ideas with efficient computational formulae for allocating capital based on a couple of commonly used risk measures. In the course of this talk, which will be geared towards graduate students, I will attempt to give a flavor of industrial research and role of applied mathematics in industry.

## Ravi Vakil : Murphys Law in algebraic geometry: Badly-behaved moduli spaces

- Presentations ( 183 Views )We consider the question: ``How bad can the deformation space of an object be?'' (Alternatively: ``What singularities can appear on a moduli space?'') The answer seems to be: ``Unless there is some a priori reason otherwise, the deformation space can be arbitrarily bad.'' We show this for a number of important moduli spaces. More precisely, up to smooth parameters, every singularity that can be described by equations with integer coefficients appears on moduli spaces parameterizing: smooth projective surfaces (or higher-dimensional manifolds); smooth curves in projective space (the space of stable maps, or the Hilbert scheme); plane curves with nodes and cusps; stable sheaves; isolated threefold singularities; and more. The objects themselves are not pathological, and are in fact as nice as can be. This justifies Mumford's philosophy that even moduli spaces of well-behaved objects should be arbitrarily bad unless there is an a priori reason otherwise. I will begin by telling you what ``moduli spaces'' and ``deformation spaces'' are. The complex-minded listener can work in the holomorphic category; the arithmetic listener can think in mixed or positive characteristic. This talk is intended to be (mostly) comprehensible to a broad audience.

## James Nolen : Reaction-Diffusion Fronts in Heterogeneous Media

- Presentations ( 160 Views )Reaction-diffusion equations are used in mathematical models of many physical and biological phenomena involving front propagation and pulse propagation. How do variations in the environment effect these phenomena? In this seminar, I will describe recent progress in understanding how fronts propagate in heterogeneous media. In particular, I will describe properties of generalized traveling waves for one-dimensional reaction-diffusion equations with variable excitation. I also will discuss multi-dimensional fronts in stationary random media, a model relevant to premixed-turbulent combustion. Along the way, I plan to describe interesting topics for future research.

## Jason Mireles-James : Adaptive Set-Oriented Algorithms for Conservative Systems

- Presentations ( 143 Views )We describe an automatic chaos verification scheme based on set oriented numerical methods, which is especially well suited to the study of area and volume preserving diffeomorphisms. The novel feature of the scheme is an iterative algorithm for approximating connecting orbits between collections of hyperbolic fixed and periodic points with greater and greater accuracy. The algorithm is geometric rather than graph theoretic in nature and, unlike existing methods, does not require the computation of chain recurrent sets. We give several example computations in dimension two and three.

## David Speyer : Matroids and Grassmannians

- Presentations ( 143 Views )Matroids are combinatorial devices designed to encoded the combinatorial structure of hyperplane arrangements. Combinatorialists have developed many invariants of matroids. I will explain that there is reason to believe that most of these invariants are related to computations in the K-theory of the Grassmannian. In particular, I will explain work of mine limiting the complexity of Hacking, Keel and Tevelev's "very stable pairs", which compactify the moduli of hyperplane arrangements. This talk should be understandable both to those who don't know matroids, and to those who don't know K-theory.

## Henrique Bursztyn : Reduction in generalized complex geometry

- Presentations ( 139 Views )Generalized complex structures, introduced by Hitchin in 2003, interpolate between symplectic and complex structures. In this talk, I will discuss a reduction procedure unifying symplectic reduction and holomorphic quotients. In general, this reduction procedure presents new features that will be illustrated in examples (e.g., the generalized reduction of a symplectic structure can be complex, and 3-form twists can appear in the quotient). If time permits, I will also discuss a super-geometric viewpoint to generalized reduction.

## Thomas Lam : Total positivity, Toeplitz matrices, and loop groups

- Presentations ( 138 Views )A real matrix is totally nonnegative if every minor in it is nonnegative. The classical Edrei-Thoma theorem classifies totally nonnegative infinite Toeplitz matrices, and is related to problems in representation theory, combinatorics and probability. I will discuss progress towards two variations on this theorem to block-Toeplitz matrices, and to finite Toeplitz matrices. Both of these variations connect the classical theory to loop groups.

## Allan Sly : Mixing in Time and Space

- Presentations ( 131 Views )For Markov random fields temporal mixing, the time it takes for the Glauber dynamics to approach it's stationary distribution, is closely related to phase transitions in the spatial mixing properties of the measure such as uniqueness and the reconstruction problem. Such questions connect ideas from probability, statistical physics and theoretical computer science. I will survey some recent progress in understanding the mixing time of the Glauber dynamics as well as related results on spatial mixing. Partially based on joint work with Elchanan Mossel

## Nicolaus Tideman : The Structure of the Election-Generating Universe

- Presentations ( 125 Views )This paper reports the results of using two sets of ranking data, one from actual elections and the other from surveys of voters, to examine whether the outcomes of three-candidate vote-casting processes follow a discernible pattern. Six statistical models that make different assumptions about such a pattern are evaluated. Both data sets suggest that a spatial model describes an observable pattern much better than any of the other five models. The results imply that any conclusions about the probability of voting events reached on the basis of models other than the spatial modelÂ?for example, on the basis of the Â?impartial anonymous cultureÂ?Â?are suspect. (Joint work with Florenz Plassmann)

## Duncan Dauvergne : Geodesic networks in random geometry

- Presentations ( 51 Views )The directed landscape is a random directed metric on the plane that is the scaling limit for models in the KPZ universality class. In this metric, typical pairs of points are connected by a unique geodesic. However, certain exceptional pairs are connected by more exotic geodesic networks. The goal of this talk is to describe a full classification for these exceptional pairs. I will also discuss some connections with other models of random geometry.