## Felix Otto : Gergen Lecture - Speaker, Felix Otto

- Gergen Lectures ( 403 Views )In three specific examples, we shall demonstrate how the theory of partial differential equations (PDEs) relates to pattern formation in nature: Spinodal decomposition and the Cahn-Hilliard equation, Rayleigh-B\'enard convection and the Boussinesq approximation, rough crystal growth and the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation. These examples from different applications have in common that only a few physical mechanisms, which are modeled by simple-looking evolutionary PDEs, lead to complex patterns. These mechanisms will be explained, numerical simulation shall serve as a visual experiment. Numerical simulations also reveal that generic solutions of these deterministic equations have stationary or self-similar statistics that are independent of the system size and of the details of the initial data. We show how PDE methods, i. e. a priori estimates, can be used to understand some aspects of this universal behavior. In case of the Cahn-Hilliard equation, the method makes use of its gradient flow structure and a property of the energy landscape. In case of the Boussinesq equation, a ``driven gradient flow'', the background field method is used. In case of the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, that mixes conservative and dissipative dynamics, the method relies on a new result on Burgers' equation.

## Francis Brown : Periods, Galois theory and particle physics: Amplitudes in high-energy physics

- Gergen Lectures ( 317 Views )In high-energy physics, interactions between fundamental particles can be represented by Feynman graphs. Almost all predictions for particle collider experiments are obtained by computing certain integrals associated to such graphs, called Feynman integrals, and a vast effort in the physics community worldwide is devoted to studying these quantities. Feynman integrals turn out to be periods, and surprisingly many are multiple zeta values. I will survey what is known and not known about these quantities.

## Francis Brown : Periods, Galois theory and particle physics: Galois theory and transcendence

- Gergen Lectures ( 298 Views )Classical Galois theory replaces the study of algebraic numbers with group theory. This idea is extremely powerful, and led to the proof of the insolubility of the general quintic equation. A deep idea, originating in the work of Grothendieck, is that Galois theory should extend to the theory of periods. I will describe a cheap way to set up such a theory and illustrate it in the case of multiple zeta values. It gives rise to a symmetry group which respects the algebraic identities satisfied by these numbers and explains their underlying structure.

## Laszlo Lovasz : An informal conversation.

- Gergen Lectures ( 294 Views )For the third Gergen Lecture, Professor Laszlo will offer an informal conversation with interested students and faculty. This may include answering questions regarding prior lectures, such as details and proofs. He may also state open problems.

## Francis Brown : Periods, Galois theory and particle physics: Applications

- Gergen Lectures ( 282 Views )In the final lecture, I will propose how the Galois theory of periods should lead to a classification of periods by types. When applied to the set of Feynman integrals occurring in particle physics, experiments suggest the emergence of a `cosmic? Galois group of symmetries acting on the constants of high-energy physics.

## Andrei Zelevinsky : Cluster algebras via quivers with potentials

- Gergen Lectures ( 280 Views )This lecture ties together the strands developed in the first two lectures. We discuss a recent proof (due to H. Derksen, J. Weyman, and the speaker) of a series of conjectures on cluster algebras by means of the machinery of quivers with potentials. An important ingredient of our argument is a categorification of cluster algebras using quiver Grassmannians, a family of projective algebraic varieties that are a far-reaching generalization of ordinary Grassmannians. Generalizing an idea due to P. Caldero, F. Chapoton and B. Keller, we show that the Euler characteristics of these varieties carry crucial information about the structure of cluster algebras.

## Jordan S. Ellenberg : Stability and Arithmetic Counting Problems

- Gergen Lectures ( 275 Views )A big theme in contemporary number theory is "arithmetic statistics": what does the class group of a random number field look like? What do the zeroes of a random L-function look like? What does a random rational point on a variety look iike? In this talk we will explain how arithmetic statistics problems over function fields are naturally tied to topological questions about stability for homology groups of certain moduli spaces; in particular, we will explain how a stability theorem for Hurwitz spaces (moduli spaces of finite branched covers of the line) can be used to prove a version of the Cohen-Lenstra conjectures over function fields. There will be some overlap with a talk I gave at Duke in December 2009, but many things which were speculations then are theorems now.

## Richard Schoen : Positive scalar curvature and connections with relativity

- Gergen Lectures ( 272 Views )In this series of three lectures we will describe positivity conditions on Riemannian metrics including the classical conditions of positive sectional, Ricci, and scalar curvature. We will discuss open problems and recent progress including our recent proof of the differentiable sphere theorem (joint with Simon Brendle). That proof employs the Ricci flow, so we will spend some time explaining that technique. Finally we will discuss problems related to positive scalar curvature including some high dimensional issues which occur in that theory. If time allows we will describe recent progress on black hole topologies. These lectures, especially the first two, are intended for a general audience.

## Andrei Zelevinsky : Quivers with potentials, their representation and mutations

- Gergen Lectures ( 271 Views )A quiver is a finite directed graph. A quiver representation assigns a finite-dimensional vector space to each vertex, and a linear map between the corresponding spaces to each arrow. A fundamental role in the theory of quiver representations is played by Bernstein-Gelfand-Ponomarev reflection functors associated to every source or sink of a quiver. In joint work with H. Derksen and J. Weyman (based on an earlier joint work with R. Marsh and M. Reineke) we extend these functors to arbitrary vertices. This construction is based on a framework of quivers with potentials; their representations are quiver representations satisfying relations of a special kind between the linear maps attached to arrows. The motivations for this work come from several sources: superpotentials in physics, Calabi-Yau algebras, and cluster algebras. However, no special knowledge will be assumed in any of these subjects, and the exposition aims to be accessible to graduate students.

## Luis Caffarelli : Degenerate ellipticity and the porous media equation

- Gergen Lectures ( 271 Views )In the first lecture I will give a brief discussion of local and non local diffusion and degenerate ellipticity and different local and non local models for compressible flows in porous media.

In the second and third lectures I will discuss some properties of the
(infinitesimal) porous media equation, a non local in space model and
equations with memory.

## Francis Brown : Periods, Galois theory and particle physics: General introduction to periods

- Gergen Lectures ( 266 Views )A period is a certain kind of complex number which can be written as an integral of algebraic quantities. Kontsevich and Zagier conjectured that all identities between periods can be obtained from the elementary rules of calculus. After discussing several examples I will focus on the case of multiple zeta values which were first introduced in a special case by Euler, and now occur in numerous branches of mathematics. They satisfy many families of relations which are the subject of several open conjectures.

## Alice Guionnet : The spectrum of non-normal matrices, II: the Brown measure.

- Gergen Lectures ( 264 Views )In this talk, which is a continuation of Wednesday's lecture, we shall describe the natural candidate for the limit of the empirical measure of the eigenvalues of non-normal matrices, the so-called Brown measure. We will give some details about how to prove convergence towards such a limit, but also discuss the instability of such convergence.