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public 01:34:46

Louis Fostier : A model of oocyte population dynamics for fish oogenesis

  -   Mathematical Biology ( 24 Views )

We introduce and analyze a size-structured oocyte population model, with non local nonlinearities on recruitment, growth and mortality rates to take into account interactions between cells. We pay special attention to the form of the recruitment term, and its influence on the asymptotic behavior of the cell population.
This model is well-suited for representing oocyte population dynamics within the fish ovary. The nonlocal nonlinearities enable us to capture the diverse feedback mechanisms acting on the growth of oocytes of varying sizes and on the recruitment of new oocytes.
We firstly investigate the existence and uniqueness of global bounded solutions by transforming the partial differential equation into an equivalent system of integral equations, which can be solved using the Contraction Mapping Principle.
In a second step, we investigate the asymptotic behavior of the model. Under an additional assumption regarding the form of the growth rate, we can, with the use of a classical time-scaling transformation, reduce the study to that of a equation with linear growth speed and nonlinear inflow boundary condition. Using arguments from the theory of abstract semilinear Cauchy problems, we investigate the local stability of stationary solutions of this equation by reducing it to a characteristic equation involving the eigenvalues of the linearized problem around equilibrium states.
When the mortality rate is zero, the study of existence and stability of stationary solutions is simplified. Explicit calculations can be carried out in certain interesting cases.

public 01:06:01

Vakhtang Poutkaradze : Lie-Poisson Neural Networks (LPNets): Data-Based Computing of Hamiltonian Systems with Symmetries

  -   Applied Math and Analysis ( 29 Views )

Physics-Informed Neural Networks (PINNs) have received much attention recently due to their potential for high-performance computations for complex physical systems, including data-based computing, systems with unknown parameters, and others. The idea of PINNs is to approximate the equations and boundary and initial conditions through a loss function for a neural network. PINNs combine the efficiency of data-based prediction with the accuracy and insights provided by the physical models. However, applications of these methods to predict the long-term evolution of systems with little friction, such as many systems encountered in space exploration, oceanography/climate, and many other fields, need extra care as the errors tend to accumulate, and the results may quickly become unreliable. We provide a solution to the problem of data-based computation of Hamiltonian systems utilizing symmetry methods. Many Hamiltonian systems with symmetry can be written as a Lie-Poisson system, where the underlying symmetry defines the Poisson bracket. For data-based computing of such systems, we design the Lie-Poisson neural networks (LPNets). We consider the Poisson bracket structure primary and require it to be satisfied exactly, whereas the Hamiltonian, only known from physics, can be satisfied approximately. By design, the method preserves all special integrals of the bracket (Casimirs) to machine precision. LPNets yield an efficient and promising computational method for many particular cases, such as rigid body or satellite motion (the case of SO(3) group), Kirchhoff's equations for an underwater vehicle (SE(3) group), and others. Joint work with Chris Eldred (Sandia National Lab), Francois Gay-Balmaz (CNRS and ENS, France), and Sophia Huraka (U Alberta). The work was partially supported by an NSERC Discovery grant.