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Hongqiang Wang : Non-equipartition in a binary granular system and measurement of velocity distribution in a 3D vibrated granular system



Fluidized granular systems with inelastic inter-particle collisions exhibit distinguishing behavior from it's elastic counterpart. Two species of particles in a binary granular system typically do not have the same mean kinetic energy, in contrast to the equipartition of energy required in equilibrium. It is found that not only the mechanical properties of these two types of particles, but also the heating mechanism plays an important role in affecting the extent of nonequipartition of kinetic energy, even in the bulk of the system. An experimental measurement of the velocity distribution of a 3D vibration fluidized granular medium by spatial resolved high speed video particle tracking is also reported. It is found that the distribution is wider than a Gaussian and broadens continuously with increasing volume fraction.

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