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Peter J. Mucha : Stochastic Dynamics in Near-Wall Velocimetry

The tracking of small, colloidal particles is a common technique for measuring fluid velocities, highly successful at the micro-scale and recently extended to measurements at nano-scales. The Brownian fluctuations of the colloidal tracers are typically isotropic in the bulk; but in the near-wall region, these fluctuations are strongly affected by the hydrodynamic interaction with the wall and by the no-flux condition imposed there. Such wall effects can, under appropriate conditions, bias particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements based on colloidal tracers, potentially leading to significant overestimation of near-wall velocities. The quantification of the resulting bias is presented in terms of the size of the imaged region and the measurement interval between PIV images. The effect of the steady state particle distribution is additionally explored, and implications for near-wall velocimetry measurements are briefly discussed.

This talk represents collaborative work with Christel Hohenegger, Minami Yoda, Reza Sadr, and Haifeng Li.

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