# Reema Al-Aifari : Spectral Analysis of the truncated Hilbert Transform arising in limited data tomography

In Computerized Tomography a 2D or 3D object is reconstructed from projection data (Radon transform data) from multiple directions. When the X-ray beams are sufficiently wide to fully embrace the object and when the beams from a sufficiently dense set of directions around the object can be used, this problem and its solution are well understood. When the data are more limited the image reconstruction problem becomes much more challenging; in the figure below only the region within the circle of the Field Of View is illuminated from all angles. In this talk we consider a limited data problem in 2D Computerized Tomography that gives rise to a restriction of the Hilbert transform as an operator HT from L2(a2,a4) to L2(a1,a3) for real numbers a1 < a2 < a3 < a4. We present the framework of tomographic reconstruction from limited data and the method of differentiated back-projection (DBP) which gives rise to the operator HT. The reconstruction from the DBP method requires recovering a family of 1D functions f supported on compact intervals [a2,a4] from its Hilbert transform measured on intervals [a1, a3] that might only overlap, but not cover [a2, a4]. We relate the operator HT to a self-adjoint two-interval Sturm-Liouville prob- lem, for which the spectrum is discrete. The Sturm-Liouville operator is found to commute with HT , which then implies that the spectrum of HT∗ HT is discrete. Furthermore, we express the singular value decomposition of HT in terms of the so- lutions to the Sturm-Liouville problem. We conclude by illustrating the properties obtained for HT numerically.

**Category**: Applied Math and Analysis**Duration**: 01:34:55**Date**: April 1, 2013 at 4:25 PM**Views**: 133-
**Tags:**seminar, Applied Math And Analysis Seminar

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