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Erik Bollt : Transport and Global Control of Deterministic and Stochastic Dynamical Systems

Associated with a dynamical system, which evolves single initial conditions, the Frobenius-Perron operator evolves ensemble densities of initial conditions. Including a brief tutorial on the topic, we will present our new applications of this global and statistical point of view:

  1. The inverse Frobenius-Perron problem (IFPP) is a global open-loop strategy to control chaos by constructing a "nearby" dynamical system with desirable invariant density. We reduce the question of stabilizing an arbitrary invariant density to the question of a hyperplane intersecting a unit hyperbox; several controllability theorems follow. Applications will be described.
  2. Well-known models have been found to exhibit new and interesting dynamics under the addition of stochastic perturbations. Using the Frobenius-Perron operator for stochastic dynamical systems, we develop new tools designed to predict the effects of noise and to pinpoint stochastic transport regions in phase space. As an example, we study a model from population dynamics for which chaos-like behavior can be induced, as the standard deviation of the noise is increased. We identify how stochastic perturbations destabilize two attracting orbits, effectively completing a heteroclinic orbit, to create chaos-like behavior. Other physical applications will also be discussed.

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