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Katarzyna Rejniak : Fluid dynamics in cancer cell biology

Eukaryotic cell microenvironment (inner and outer) is composed in large parts from fluids that interact with solid and elastic bodies, whereas it is the cell cytoplasm, cytoskeleton and basal membrane; the interstitial fluid interpenetrating the stroma and tumor cells; or blood flow carrying the immune or circulating tumor cells. I will discuss the use of two fluid-structure interactions methods, the immersed boundary and the regularized Stokeslets, in applications dealing with the tumor development and treatment. First model operates on the cellular scale and will be used to model various cell processes, such as cell growth, division or death, during the cellular self-organization into a normal mammary acinus, a 3D in vitro structure recapitulating the morphology of breast cysts (acini). I will discuss model development, parameterization and tuning with the experimental data, as well as their subsequent use to investigate the link between morphogenesis of epithelial mutants and molecular alterations of tumor cells. Second model acts on the tissue level, and will be used to investigate the relation between tumor tissue structure and efficacy of anticancer drugs in the context of interstitial fluid flow. I will present simulation results showing non-linear relation between tumor tissue structure and effectiveness of drug penetration. I will also discuss how tumor tissue metabolic state(its oxygenation and acidity) becomes modified due to actions of chemotherapeutic drugs leading to the emergence of tumor zones with potentially drug-resistant cells and/or to tumor areas that are not exposed to drugs at all. Both of these phenomena can contribute to the moderateclinical success of many anticancer drugs.

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